What Does a Pet Internal Medicine Specialist Do?

What Does a Pet Internal Medicine Specialist Do?

August 31, 2023 Off By timetobuybc

When it comes to the health and well-being of our beloved pets, we all want the best care possible. That’s exactly what a pet internal medicine specialist does – improving the lives of pets through expert medical care.

What is Pet Internal Medicine?

Pet internal medicine focuses on diagnosing and treating diseases and conditions in animals’ internal organs. Like human physicians specializing in internal medicine, veterinary internists diagnose and manage complicated and multifaceted diseases. These professionals have an advanced understanding of how the body’s internal systems work, allowing them to offer efficient and effective treatment options.

The Role of a Pet Internal Medicine Specialist

A pet internal medicine specialist (or veterinary internist) is essentially an expert in animal complex disease management. This expert has completed additional training beyond veterinary school, specializing in details of the internal systems of pets. Their caseload might include patients with liver or kidney disease, gastrointestinal disorders, respiratory problems, or endocrine conditions. For example, like a veterinary internist in Carrollton, GA, they employ sophisticated diagnostic methods, such as ultrasound and endoscopy, to identify health issues. They then work with pet owners and other veterinarians to find the most effective treatment solution.

Understanding Internal Systems of Pets and Their Diseases

All animals, including our pets, have complex internal systems that work harmoniously to keep them healthy and active. Let’s break down some of the main internal systems found in common household pets, namely dogs and cats, along with potential diseases that can affect these systems.

  • The Cardiovascular System consists of the heart and blood vessels, which are responsible for circulating blood throughout the pet’s body. It brings oxygen and nutrients to the cells and carries away waste products.

Common diseases: Heart disease, heartworm disease, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (a common heart disease in cats that causes thickening of the heart muscle).

  • The Digestive System: This includes the mouth, teeth, salivary glands, esophagus, stomach, and intestines. It works to digest food, absorb nutrients and eliminate waste.

Common diseases: Gastroenteritis, pancreatitis, inflammatory bowel disease, dental disease.

  • The Respiratory System: This consists of the nose, throat, windpipe, and lungs. It’s responsible for taking in oxygen and expelling carbon dioxide. 

Common diseases: Asthma, pneumonia, nasal tumors, kennel cough.

  • The Urinary System: This comprises the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. It filters the blood, eliminates waste, and regulates water balance in the body. 

Common diseases: Kidney disease, urinary tract infections, bladder stones.

  • The Nervous System: This includes the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. It controls the body’s actions, senses, and responses to the environment. 

Common diseases: Epilepsy, cognitive dysfunction, intervertebral disc disease.

  • The Endocrine System: This comprises glands that produce hormones, such as the pituitary, thyroid, and adrenal glands. 

Common diseases: Diabetes, hyperthyroidism, cataracts.

  • The Musculoskeletal System: This includes bones, joints, muscles, and connective tissues. It provides structure and allows movement. 

Common diseases: Arthritis, hip dysplasia, ligament tears. Pets, just like humans, are complex organisms, and understanding their internal systems can help us better understand their health and well-being.

If your pet displays any unusual symptoms or behavioral changes, it’s always a good idea to consult a pet internal medicine specialist for a thorough check-up.

Comprehensive Diagnostics in Veterinary Internal Medicine

To diagnose health conditions accurately, a pet internal medicine specialist uses innovative technology and methods. Common diagnostic tools include ultrasounds, endoscopies, sample biopsies, and specific blood tests. This section of vet practice, known as veterinary diagnostics gives a detailed picture of a pet’s health by highlighting underlying medical conditions.

Managing Chronic Pet Illnesses

When it comes to chronic illnesses in pets, such as diabetes, heart disease, or cancer, long-term care usually entails multiple treatment methods. Here, a pet internal medicine specialist provides an essential service, not just diagnosing the diseases but also monitoring the treatment’s effectiveness over time.

Emergency Interventions

There are situations when a pet’s condition requires immediate urgent care. This is where the emergency veterinary services come into play. From minor injuries to major health crises, timely provision of emergency care is vital to maintain the wellness of your pets.

Specialized Treatments in Veterinary Care

Advanced veterinary treatments include a host of specialized procedures. From dialysis for kidney disorders and chemotherapy for cancer treatment to revolutionary surgical techniques, a pet internal medicine specialist operates at the cutting edge of animal healthcare. These offerings enable comprehensive, specialized care for your pets, ensuring they have the best chance for a longer, healthier life.

Working with a Pet Internal Medicine Specialist

When visiting a pet internal medicine specialist, pet owners can expect an in-depth consultation, thorough examination, diagnostic processes, and a personalized treatment plan.

Pet Wellness Plans

One effective way of ensuring a pet’s overall health is by subscribing to comprehensive pet wellness plans. These encompass regular checkups, vaccinations, spaying, and neutering, among many more pet health options. They offer a proactive approach to pet health care, emphasizing preventive methods over-reactive care. To find out more about these plans, you can check here.


In a nutshell, the role of a pet internal medicine specialist is critical in managing complex diseases in pets. From leveraging advanced diagnostic tools to offering sophisticated treatment processes, these professionals play an essential part in extending the lifespan and enhancing the quality of life of your pets. So, the next time your pet falls sick, consider an internal medicine specialist — the difference might just be a lifesaver.